Quant, Mary

(1934- )
   Born to Welsh parents in London, Quant was educated at Goldsmith's College where she studied illustration. Her first job was as a milliner's assistant. After her marriage to Alexander Plunket Greene in 1955, they, together with their accountant, Archie McNair, opened a store on Kings Road called Bazaar. With only a few evening pattern-cutting classes under her belt and no formal training as a designer, Quant began making clothing for her shop in 1958, specifically short skirts, which she named after her car, the Mini. Although there is disagreement as to who actually invented the miniskirt, Quant or André Courrèges, Quant was the first to trademark it. Similarly, she is also credited with being the first to offer colored pantyhose to match her clothing designs; however, this is also attributed to Cristobal Balenciaga. No matter who was the first, Quant was known for her interest in the mod youth subculture of the early 1960s and for her shop that was the hub of the "Chelsea Set" of "Swinging London."
   Quant created a black, five-petal daisy logo that would be her worldwide trademark She was the first designer to use polyvinyl chloride (PVC) for clothing and, in 1962, partnered with J. C. Penney's to create a less expensive line called the Ginger Group. By 1965, she was exporting her mod fashions to the United States; she opened a second store in Knightsbridge, a cosmetics line in 1966, and a third store on New Bond Street in 1967. In the late 1960s, she created her last big fashion statement, "hot pants." During the 1970s and 1980s, she concentrated on her makeup and household goods line. Quant's publications include Color by Quant (1984), Quant on Make-up (1986), and Classic Make-Up and Beauty Book (1996). Her awards include the Order of the British Empire in 1966, the Annual Design Medal of the Royal Society of Arts in 1967, the Hall of Fame Award for Outstanding Contribution to British Fashion by the British Fashion Council in 1969, and the British Council's Award for Contribution to British Industry in 1990; she became a fellow of the Society of Industrial Artists and Designers in 1993. In 2000, Quant sold her cosmetics firm to a Japanese company, which sells the line in more than 200 Mary Quant shops throughout Japan, as well as in New York, London, and Paris.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • Quant,Mary — Quant (kwŏnt), Mary. Born 1934. British fashion designer who is credited with designing the first miniskirt (1960) and hot pants (c. 1970). * * * …   Universalium

  • Quant, Mary —    b. 1934, London    Fashion designer    Mary Quant was one of the most influential British designers in the ‘Swinging Sixties’. Born in 1934 and trained at Goldsmith’s College, Quant opened her Kings Road boutique Bazaar in 1955. Her innovative …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • Quant, Mary — born Feb. 11, 1934, London, Eng. English fashion designer. Specializing in youth oriented fashions, she was responsible in the 1960s for the Chelsea look of England and the widespread popularity of the miniskirt and hot pants. After opening a… …   Universalium

  • Quant, Mary — (n. 11 feb. 1934, Londres, Inglaterra). Diseñadora de modas inglesa. Se especializó en la moda destinada a los jóvenes y fue la creadora, en la década de 1960, de la moda Chelsea, de Inglaterra y de la popular minifalda y los hot pants. Luego de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mary Quant — OBE Born 11 February 1934 (1934 02 11) (age 77) Blackheath, London, England Nationality Welsh Education Goldsmith s College Occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Mary — /mair ee/, n. 1. Also called Virgin Mary. the mother of Jesus. 2. the sister of Lazarus and Martha. Luke 10:38 42; John 11:1,2. 3. See Mary, Queen of Scots. 4. (Princess Victoria Mary of Teck) 1867 1953, Queen of England 1910 36 (wife of George… …   Universalium

  • Mary — ► Provincia del SE de Turkmenistán; 86 800 km2 y 815 000 h. Cap., la c. homónima (87 000 h). * * * (as used in expressions) Baylis, Lilian (Mary) Bethune, Mary (Jane) McLeod Mary Jane McLeod Blyton, Enid (Mary) Cartland, Dama (Mary) Barbara… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mary Quant — est une couturière britannique née le 11 février 1934 à Londres. Elle fait partie des créateurs ayant donné naissance à la minijupe. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Études et débuts dans la mode …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mary Quant — (Londres, 11 de febrero de 1934) es una diseñadora de moda británica. Su nombre adquirió fama internacional en la década de 1960 con la creación de la minifalda.[1] Representó una moda informal para jóvenes y sus modelos se difundieron a gran… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mary Quant — Mary Quant, OBE (* 11. Februar 1934 in Blackheath, in Kent, England) ist eine britische Modedesignerin. Ihre Eltern waren Lehrer in Wales und Quant belegte am Goldsmith s College of Art den Studiengang zum Kunstlehrer. Sie lernte nebenbei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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